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Properties in C#

In the C#, Property is a member of a class that provides a flexible mechanism for classes to expose private fields which is special methods called accessors. A C# property has two accessors, get property accessor and set property accessor

Usage of C# Properties

  • C# Properties can be read-only or write-only.
  • We can have logic while setting values in the C# Properties.
  • We make fields of the class private so that fields can't be accessed from outside the class directly. Now we are forced to use C# properties for setting or getting values.

C# Properties Example

   using System;  
   public class EmployeeInfo
    {
        private string Name;
        public string Name1
        {
            get
            {
                return Name;
            }
            set
            {
                Name = value;
            }
        }
   }
   public class AnotherClassEmployeeInfo{
       public static void Main(string[] args)
        {             EmployeeInfo objEmployeeInfo = new EmployeeInfo();
            objEmployeeInfo.Name1 = "Sylvia Neupane";
            Console.WriteLine("Employee Name: " + objEmployeeInfo.Name1);
        }
    }  

Output

Employee Name: Sylvia Neupane

C# Properties Example 2: having logic while setting value

   using System;  
   public class EmployeeInfo
    {
        private string Name;
        public string Name1
        {
            get
            {
                return Name;
            }
            set
            {
               Name = value+" FindAndSolve";
            }
        }
   }
   public class AnotherClassEmployeeInfo{
       public static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            EmployeeInfo objEmployeeInfo = new EmployeeInfo();
            objEmployeeInfo.Name1 = "Sylvia Neupane";
            Console.WriteLine("Employee Name: " + objEmployeeInfo.Name1);
        }
    }  

Output

Employee Name: Sylvia Neupane FindAndSolve

C# Properties Example 3: read-only property

   using System;  
   public class EmployeeInfo
    {         private static int counter;
        public EmployeeInfo()
        {
            counter++;
        }
        public static int Counter         {             get
            {
                return counter;
            }
         }
   }
  public class AnotherclassEmployeeInfo{
       public static void Main(string[] args)
        {             EmployeeInfo e1 = new EmployeeInfo();
            EmployeeInfo e2 = new EmployeeInfo();
            EmployeeInfo e3 = new EmployeeInfo();
            Console.WriteLine("No. of Employees: " + EmployeeInfo.Counter);
        }
    }  

Output

No. of Employees: 3